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The Culture Legacy of Kazakhstan

Toktaul stop   (III - IV BC)

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Music Legacy

Traditional music of the Kazakh people is a rich treasury of spiritual heritage. It embodies all the talent and wisdom of the people; in third millennium it acquired special historical significance, especial artistic and cultural value.

The Kazakh steppe over the centuries lived by inspired poetry, accurate eloquence, rousing kui and heart felt songs. Music penetrated the life of Kazakh;it is heard at festivities, in ceremonies and rituals, in routine works, etc. The Kazakh people are notable for the unusual musical talent, almost in any family there is a person that can wonderful sing or play folk instruments.People say: “The God put a part of kui in the soul of each Kazakh from the moment of his birth”.

Over the centuries the main treasurer and popularizer of the works of musical culture was the people. Carefully keeping and dynamically developing the music art, it handed it on across generations.

It is not by accident that many scientists-folklorists being the representatives of another culture, which watched the life of the Kazakhin 18-19 centuries, went on surprising by the unusual poetic, prosaic and musical talent of the people, ability of the people too euvre, striving musical and poetic improvisation, wide involvement of all people in musical art.

The talent of the Kazakh people was accurately described by a great Russians cientist A.I. Levshin, who was called by Sh.Valikhanovas “Hero dot us of the Kazakh steppe”: “The Kazakhs are a new evidence that a man was born as a poet or musician”. A. Eichhorn in the introduction to his work on music of the Kazakh wrote the following: “The Kazakh songs are jauntily childish and gay like colts at the green pastures, strongand cheerful, powerful and free like an eagle rising to the blue sky in steppe. The Kazakh songs sung by every body from a boy to an elder, by both girls and women are… the inviolable property, an exact mouldof the Kazakh people!”. A famous Russian scientist G. Potanin wrote the following lines: “It seems to me like all the Kazakh steppe is singing”.

Talented zhyrau, akin, olenshi, kuishi, enshi created high art and joined people to the “celestial mystery”, the music. In the Great steppe they,proud and free, were highly valued by the people along side with famous governors, outstanding state figures and big commanders.

During the period of its history the Kazakh people created priceless layer of musical culture. Ancestry of the Kazakh, many tribes of unique civilization of nomads, created rich instrumentation, instrumental music, unique musical and poetic traditions that are worthily continued in the modern epoch.

In terms of the National program “Cultural heritage” they created the project Anthology of the Kazakh traditional music “Mangilik saryn: kazaktyn 1000 kui, 1000 ani” (“Immortal melodies: 1000 kui, 1000 songs”). This is a grand and unprecedented work on collection, preparation, processing, restoration, digitalization and release of CDs with the Kazakh traditional music in authentic performance in the history of the national culture.The Anthology of the Kazakh traditional music is a unique full collection of the works of the Kazakh traditional art (many songs and almost all significant dombra, sybyzgy and kobyz kui) in the digital media. The majority of the records were unavailable before to the wide audience. Now all who wish can listen to the classical samples of the performance perfection.

 

The modern art of music

Famous akins, kuishi, composers, singers of Kazakhstan

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Shamil  Abiltaev

Shamil Abiltaev(1948y.)

Abiltaev Sh. Is a dombrist, composer, kyuishi. He was born in 1948 in Atyrau oblast. He graduated from Almaty state conservatory (class of dombra K. Zhantleuov and K. Mukhitov).

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Akan sere Koramciuly Akzhigit

Akan sere Koramciuly Akzhigit(1843-1913)

(1843-1913)

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Seidolla  Baiterekov

Seidolla Baiterekov

S. Baiterekov (1945-1998) is a composer, honored culture worker of Kazakhstan. He graduated from Almaty state conservatory and continued teaching there.

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Nartai  Bekezhanov

Nartai Bekezhanov

Nartai Bekezhanov (1890-1954) is akin, composer. He was born in Kyzylorda oblast. He stared singing songs from the age of 10. His art reflects the problems of inequality in community, sanctimony of rich people, mullahs (“Saran baiga”, “Myrzalyk emes”).

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Birzhan-sal Kozhagululy

Birzhan-sal Kozhagululy

Birzhan Kozhagululy (1834-1897) is a composer, akin. Having great vocal talent and playing the dombra masterfully, in his tender age Birzhan became very famous. The basic theme in Birzhan’s oeuvre is love.

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Evgeniy Grigoryeich Brusilovskiy

Evgeniy Grigoryeich Brusilovskiy

Brusilovskiy Evgeniy Grigoryeich (1905-1982) is a composer, one of the founders of the Kazakh music art, people’s artist of KazSSR, professor, prize winner of the National prize of USSR and KazSSR.

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Dauletkerei Shygaiuly

Dauletkerei Shygaiuly

Dauletkerei Shygaiuly (1820-1887) is a composer, kyuishi. He was an advocate of spiritual development of a person; he always stood for his code and views. 

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Kenes  Duisekeev

Kenes Duisekeev

Duisekeev Kenes is a composer. He was born in 1946 in Kyzylorda oblast. He graduated from Almaty state conservatory, class of Professor A.V. Bychkov.

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Manarbek  Erzhanov

Manarbek Erzhanov(1901-1966)

Manarbek Erzhanov was born in Karagandy region, district Aktogai, village Karabulak. From early childhood he learnt to play dombyra from a local dombyrashy Kusenbai, sang songs and took part in improvisers' contests (aitys) held between villages. In 1928 he worked at the Kazakh drama theatre and then in years 1931-32 worked at the theatre of working youth in Ridder (Leninogorsk). In years 1934-35 he worked as a singer at the Almaty musical theatre of that time and then from 1953 up to the end of his life was the singer of Kazakh philharmonic society. M.Erzhanov has also number of his own songs.

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