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Results of realization of the governmental program "Cultural heritage"

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Results of the Government program “Madeni mura” (the second half of year 2011)

The realization of the national project “Madeni mura” was terminated in 2011.  It became a landmark project in the creation of an integral system on studying, preserving and reviving historical and cultural heritage of the country. 

 

 

 

 

The strategic priorities of an unprecedented project were the following: 

 

  • reconstruction of monuments of history and culture directly connected with history of Kazakhstan including abroad state;
  • archeological research of ancient settlements, man sites, barrows and burial mounds in the territory of Kazakhstan;
  • applied research in terms of cultural heritage of the Kazakh people;
  • publication of a series of books concerning history, archeology, ethnography and culture of Kazakhstan for creating the base of humanitarian education.

 

During the final stage of the national project the following complex works were held: restoration of ancient mosques, mausoleums, historical complexes and architectural monuments recognized as tourist objects and traditional places of pilgrimage.  A great work of historical, archeological and architectural monuments was finished. 

 

In general, in 2011 30 objects of history and culture were restored. The main projects are the following: 

  • restoration, reconstruction and conservation of monuments
  • ancient Sauran (XIII–XVIII centuries),
  • medieval main gates of Shakhristan (ХІV–XVІІІ centuries),
  • complex of historical and archeological objects of Talgar (Talkhiz) ancient settlement (X–XV centuries),
  • palace complex Akyrtas(VII–VIII centuries),
  • palace complex Balasagun (VI–VIII centuries),
  • complex of khan quarters of Bukeevskaya Orda XIX century,
  • central mosque-madrasah of Sygynak ancient settlement (XIII–XVII centuries),      
  • architectural monuments of ancient settlement Sairam  - mausoleums of Abdel-Aziz-Bab, Hadji Taliga, Mirali-Bab, minaret of Khyzyr (VI–XVII centuries).

 

In 2011 the construction of historical and cultural center and mausoleum of Al-Farabi in the capital of Syria was finished. The unique complex in Damask is multifunctional object including exposition halls devoted to history and culture of the Kazakh and Syrian people, and a special hall with materials about the great scientists as well. The new center has also a mosque, library with reading hall and Internet café, conference hall and hotel.

 

In 2011 wide-scale archeological research was held. Unknown pages of domestic history had been revealed. Thousands of priceless artifacts were discovered in the territory of 27 ancient settlements, dwelling sites, barrows and burial mounds. These are Buzok in Akmolinskaya oblast, Koilyk, Talgar, Issyk in Almaty oblast, Saraichik in Atyrauskaya oblast, Zhuan tobe, Karaspan tobe, Shymkent, Sauran, Sidak, Otrar iin South Kazakhstan oblast, Berep, Chilikty in East Kazakhstan oblast, Akyrtas in Zhambylskaya oblast, Kyryk oba in West Kazakhstan oblast, Aibas darasy, Kent, Taldysai in Karagandinskaya oblast. 

 

Seven complex applied research on history, archeology and ethnography of Kazakhstan were finished. They are of great importance for the national culture.

 

In terms of the program a project of “Systematization of studying cultural heritage of the Kazakh people” was realized. One of the strategic results of Mademi mura is creation of integral system on studying cultural heritage of the Kazakh people including different trends. The prospective achievement of the national project was special expeditions that made a great contribution in Kazakhstani science. The most successful research programs are a unique expedition to Mongolia. Domestic scientists examined old-Turkic monuments on rocks of Dep-uul, Kara-katu, Ak-shoky, Orten-bulak and others. Besides, on the territory of “Ulaan Kerim” the Kazakhstani expedition discovered and examined a barrow of ancient Turks epoch. Unique artifacts were found during excavations, 90 figures of old-Turkic warriors on horseback, household items made of gold.

 

The prospective section of the program was dedicated to publication projects. In terms of Madeni mura 88 books from the series “History, archaeology, ethnography, arts and crafts of Kazakhstan” were published.  They include ten volumes of “Babalar sozi” (Legendry of ancestry), “Alash kosemsozi” in the Kazakh language in ten volumes,”Alem adebieti kitapkhanasy” in Kazakh, “Kazakh adebieti klassikterinin shygarmalaryn shetel tilderine audaru zhane shygaru”, “Entikalyk zertteulerdegi Kazakhstan tarikhy”, “Mongol kazaktary”, “Kytai kazaktary – tarikhi etnographiyalyk zertteuler” and other unique works. 

 

A special trend of Madeni mura was devoted to revival and popularization of national musical legacy. Its most successful event was creation of republican contest of traditional performers named after Amre Kashaubaev, which was held in Astana.

 

In 2011 realization of national program Madeni mura was terminated. However, systematic work on preservation, study and revival of cultural heritage of Kazakhstan is going on.